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Kim Jong Il's Life

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MODERN KOREA


Founder of modern Korea is President Kim Il Sung. The President organized and led the anti-Japanese armed struggle and liberated Korea on August 15, 1945, and founded the DPRK on September 9, 1948.
But Korea was divided into the north and the south as the United States occupied south Korea in September 1945 on an excuse of “disarming” the Japanese army defeated in WWII.
To occupy the whole Korea, the US instigated the south Korean puppets to start the Korea war (June 1950-July 1953). The DPRK under the leadership of Kim Il Sung repulsed the aggression of the US and its followers in the war and defended its dignity.
After the war it rebuilt the ruined economy, set up the socialist system and completed the industrialization during a short period of 14 years.
In the 1990s when the country faced harsh trials due to the collapse of socialism in some countries, the greatest national loss, vicious offensive of the imperialist allied forces to isolate and stifle her and consecutive natural disasters,
the leader Kim Jong Il defended the national sovereignty and socialism and laid solid political, military and economic foundation for national prosperity by means of his original Songun politics.
The Korean people, under the leadership of Korean People’s Army Supreme Commander Kim Jong Un, are now advancing forward to complete the Juche revolutionary cause pioneered by President Kim Il Sung and led to victory by the leader Kim Jong Il.
The DPRK is an independent, socialist country whose guideline of activities is the Juche idea and the Songun idea.
The supreme leader of the state is The Chairman of State Affair's Commission.
The Supreme People’s Assembly is the highest organ of state power, whose term of office is five years. Its presidium is the highest organ of state power in recess of the SPA.
The cabinet is the administrative organ of the highest state power and the universal state management organ. Its term of office is also five years.
Political parties of the DPRK are the Workers' Party of Korea, the Korean Social Democratic Party and the Chondoist Chongu Party. Social organizations are Kim Il Sung - Kim Jong Ilism Youth League, the General Federation of Trade Unions of Korea, the Union of Agricultural Workers of Korea, the Democratic Women’s Union of Korea, and etc.
The means of production in the DPRK are possessed by the state and social cooperative organizations. Its economy is a planned economy.
It enforces the universal 12-year free compulsory education system including one-year preschool compulsory education, and the universal free medical care system.
The Republic struggles to achieve complete victory of socialism in the northern half of Korea and to realize the national reunification under the principles of independence, peaceful reunification and grand national unity.
Independence, peace and friendship are the fundamental idea of foreign policy and the principle of foreign activities of the Republic.