KOREA INTERNATIONAL YOUTH AND CHILDREN’S
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Anecdotages of
Kim Jong Il's Life

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FOLK CUSTOMS AND SPECIALTIES


Korea is one of the cradles of human civilization, and is the state of homogeneous nation with the 5 000-year-long history and splendid national culture since Tangun founded Ancient Korea in the early 30th century BC.
Its official language is Korean.
Its folk traditions represent the characteristics of the Korean nation that loves justice, values truth and morality and is diligent and optimistic.
In the present DPRK folk traditions that have been created and handed down through generations are brilliantly succeeded.

Major anniversaries and folk holidays


The greatest national holiday in the DPRK is the Day of the Sun (April 15), the birthday of President Kim Il Sung, and the Day of the Shining Star (February 16), the birthday of the leader Kim Jong Il. There are other national anniversaries such as the WPK founding anniversary (October 10), the DPRK founding anniversary (September 9), the Korean People’s Army founding anniversary (February 8), the Day of Songun (August 25), the national liberation day (August 15), the V-Day in the Fatherland Liberation War (July 27) and the Socialist Constitution Day (December 27).
Folk holidays are New Year’s Day, Jongwoldaeborum (the 15th of lunar January) and Chusok (Hangawi).
On the New Year’s Day (the 1st of lunar January) the people made a New Year’s call to senior members of the family and village, relatives and teachers.
On Jongwoldaeborum that generally begins on the 14th of lunar January colourful events wishing for fortune and bumper crop in the New Year were held. What was the most spectacular was the event of welcoming the first full moon on the mountain at the back of the village in the evening of Jongowldaeborum (the 15th of lunar January), wishing for fortune and happiness of oneself and family.
Chusok (Hangawi) is the folk holiday that falls on the 15th of lunar August. On the day the people enjoyed the pleasure of bumper crop and showed their sincerity to ancestors.

Traditional dishes


Traditional principal food of the Korean nation is rice. Other dishes are porridge, rice cake, pancake and noodle.
Side dishes are soup, kimchi, bean paste, sliced raw fish, and etc.
Typical dishes are sinsollo, yakbap, and Pyongyang naengmyon (cold noodle). Kimchi, one of the favourite dishes of Koreans from olden times, is counted as one of the five health foods of the world.

Folk games


There are such folk games as martial art training games, body-building games, intelligence competing games, and song and dance games.
Among the martial art training games subak has developed into present Taekwon-Do, the legitimate martial art of the Korean nation.
Among the body-building games are men’s ssirum, tug-of-war, racing, and swinging and seesawing of women. Even now there is held the “Grand Bull Prize” national ssirum tournament on chusok every year and the winner receives a grand bull and golden cowbell according to the old tradition.
Among the intelligence competing games are Korean chess, paduk, yuk game and kkoni game.
Typical song and dance game is the mask show that shows the farmers’ optimistic life and emotion, and the most famous one is Pongsan Mask Dance.
Children’s favourite folk games are top-spinning, sledging, kite-flying, rope jumping, and dozens of other kinds.

Specialties


Specialties of Korea are Koryo porcelain and embroidery, silk goods, Kaesong Koryo Insam and processed insam goods widely known to the whole world.