Mt. Paektu, the celebrated mountain of Korea, is 2 750 metres above the sea level, and there is Lake Chon at the top of the mountain.
The Koreans have regarded the Paektu as the ancestral mountain from olden times. It is also the sacred mountain of revolution that is associated with the history of the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle of President Kim Il Sung and where the leader Kim Jong Il was born.
In the secret camp in Mt. Paektu situated in the Sobaeksu Valley are well preserved the relics used by Kim Il Sung, and Kim Jong Suk, the anti-Japanese heroine and the little Kim Jong Il. Beside the secret camp is built the monument of ode written by Kim Il Sung on the occasion of Kim Jong Il’s 50th birthday. Behind the camp stands high the Jongil Peak, 1 798 metres above the sea.
In Mt. Paektu area, there are the Paektu area secret base, which was the operational base for the Korean revolution centred on the anti-Japanese armed struggle in the late 1930s and the early 1940s, and many revolutionary battle sites and historic places, including the Samjiyon Revolutionary Battle Site.